1.3 What is the legislative framework?

In Canada, there are over 80 provincial stewardship programs for products ranging from used oil, electronics and paint to pharmaceuticals, beverages and service packaging — and more are in the planning stages. Each province has developed a different policy framework for product stewardship. Some have evolved organically while others have introduced a framework by design. Most have enabling legislation with material-specific regulations. The following table outlines the regulatory authority of each of the provincial packaging and printed paper stewardship programs supported by CSSA:


Regulatory Framework British Columbia Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario
Legislation Environmental Management Act The Environmental Management & Protection Act The Waste Reduction & Prevention Act Waste Diversion Transition Act

Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act*

Regulation BC Recycling Regulation The Household Packaging & Paper Stewardship Program Regulations Packaging & Printed Paper Stewardship Regulation The Blue Box Waste Regulation

Stewardship Ontario Regulation

Stewardship Organizations with Government Approved Program Plans Recycle BC Multi-Material Stewardship Western Multi-Material Stewardship Manitoba Stewardship Ontario
Steward Obligation Share 100% 75% 80% 50%
Year of Program Implementation 2014 2016 2010 2004

*On November 30th 2016, the Ontario Government proclaimed the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act, 2016 (RRCEA) and the Waste Diversion Transition Act, 2016 (WDTA) which replaces the Waste Diversion Act (WDA). Under the WDTA, Stewards will assume full producer responsibility for obligated materials distributed to consumers in Ontario. As of this Guidebook update in January 2018, timing and process for the transition to full producer responsibility has not yet been finalized.