1.9 What is packaging and printed paper?

The governments of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario have all passed legislation followed by regulations which include definitions of packaging and paper product. Further to these acts and regulations, program plans were presented for approval to provincial Ministries of Environments (MOEs). These program plans provide definitions of packaging and paper product that Recycle BC, MMSW, MMSM, and Stewardship Ontario use to operate their respective recycling programs and that stewards will need to understand in order to report to these programs accurately.

The following table presents PPP definitions for Recycle BC, MMSW, MMSM and Stewardship Ontario which appear in their respective Rules, stewardship plans or in the BC Recycling Regulation. Please note that Part Three of this guidebook provides a complete list of all the material reporting categories for each program.

Recognizing that there are slight differences in the definitions amongst provinces, for the purposes of harmonization across programs, sections 1.9.1 and below provide the definitions of designated materials which are used across all provinces.



Packaging Definition for purposes of producer obligation and reporting under the PPP stewardship plans includes: Paper Product Definition for purposes of producer obligation and reporting under the PPP stewardship plans includes:
Recycle BC Primary packaging, i.e., packaging that contains the product at the point of sale to the residential consumer;

Grouped packaging or secondary packaging that goes to the household;

Transportation, distribution or tertiary packaging that goes to the household;

Service packaging designed and intended to be filled at the point of sale and “disposable” items sold, filled or designed and intended to be filled at the point of sale;

Packaging components and ancillary elements integrated into packaging, including ancillary elements directly hung or attached to a product and which perform a packaging function unless they are an integral part of the product and all elements are intended to be consumed or disposed of together.

This definition has been condensed. For full definition of included packaging materials please refer to the Recycle BC Program Plan.

Paper of any description including flyers, brochures, booklets, catalogues, telephone directories, newspapers, magazines, paper fibre and paper used for copying, writing or any other general use.

Paper does not include paper products that by virtue of their anticipated use could become unsafe or unsanitary to recycle or any type of bound books such as text books, reference books or literary books.

This definition has been condensed. For full definition of designated paper materials  please  refer to the. BC Recycling Regulation

MMSW Primary packaging, i.e., packaging that contains the product at the point of sale to the residential consumer;

Grouped packaging or secondary packaging that goes to the household;

Transportation, distribution or tertiary packaging that goes to the household;

Service packaging designed and intended to be filled at the point of sale and “disposable” items sold, filled or designed and intended to be filled at the point of sale;

Packaging components and ancillary elements integrated into packaging, including ancillary elements directly hung or attached to a product and which perform a packaging function unless they are an integral part of the product and all elements are intended to be consumed or disposed of together.

This definition has been condensed. For the full definition of included packaging materials please refer to the MMSW Program Plan.

Paper of any description including flyers, brochures, booklets, catalogues, telephone directories, newspapers, magazines, paper fibre and paper used for copying, writing or any other general use.

Excluded are paper products that, by virtue of their anticipated use, could become unsafe or unsanitary to recycle or any type of bound book not mentioned in clause.

Paper comprises any type of cellulosic fibre source including but not limited to wood, wheat, rice, cotton, bananas, eucalyptus, bamboo, hemp, and sugar cane (bagasse) fibre sources.

This definition has been condensed. For the full definition of included paper please see the MMSW Program Plan.

MMSM Designated materials for the MMSM program include:

“Packaging”, which means materials that are used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery or presentation of goods supplied to consumers, and includes, but is not limited to, service packaging and all packaging components and ancillary elements integrated into the Packaging. “Service packaging” means packaging which may or may not bear a brand that is supplied at the point of sale by the retail, food- service or other service providers to facilitate the delivery of goods, and includes all bags, boxes, and other items for the containment of goods at point of sale.

“Supplied”, means sold, leased, donated, disposed of, used, transferred the possession of or title of, or otherwise made available to a consumer in Manitoba or distributed for use by a consumer in Manitoba.

“Consumer”, means an individual (other than a Person in the Industrial, Commercial, or Institutional (IC&I) sector) to whom Designated Blue Box Waste is Supplied.

For more information on designated packaging for the MMSM program, please refer to the MMSM Rules or the MMSM Program Plan.

Designated printed paper for the MMSM program includes:

• newspapers, including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly glossy magazines including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• directories, including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• lottery tickets and lottery information;

• warranty information, assembly instructions, product use instructions and health information, product registration cards and promotional information that is found inside purchased products;

• envelopes, statements and information inserts from banks, credit companies, utilities, service providers, etc.;

• information, forms and promotional materials distributed by municipal, regional, provincial and federal governments;

• promotional calendars, posters that are distributed to consumers free of charge;

• unsolicited promotional information, coupons, handbills and flyers; and

• transportation and transit

Printed paper does not include bound reference books, bound literary books, or bound textbooks.

Please see the MMSM Rules or Program Plan for more information on designated printed paper.

Stewardship Ontario “Packaging”, refers to materials that are used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery or presentation of goods supplied to consumers, and includes, but is not limited to, service packaging and all packaging components and ancillary elements integrated into the Packaging.

“Service Packaging”, refers to packaging which may or may not bear a brand that is supplied at the point of sale by the retail, food-service or other service providers to facilitate the delivery of goods, and includes all bags, boxes, and other items for the containment of goods at point of sale.

“Supplied”, means sold, leased, donated, disposed of, used, transferred the possession of or title of, or otherwise made available to a consumer in Ontario or distributed for use by a consumer in Ontario. Supply and supplies have similar meanings.

“Consumer”, means an individual (other than a person in the Industrial, Commercial, or Institutional (IC&I) sector) to whom Designated Blue Box Waste is supplied. Please refer to the Stewardship Ontario Program Plan or the Rules for more information on designated materials for the Stewardship Ontario program.

“Printed Paper” means any material that is not Packaging, but is printed with text or graphics as a medium for communicating information, Supplied to Consumers, and includes, but is not limited to:

• newspapers, including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly glossy magazines, comic books, puzzle books including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• directories, including those paid through subscription, provided through free distribution and those purchased through retail channels;

• lottery tickets and lottery information;

• warranty information, assembly instructions, product use instructions and health information, product registration cards and promotional information that is found inside purchased products;

• envelopes, statements and information inserts from banks, credit companies, utilities, service providers, etc.;

•information, forms and promotional materials distributed by municipal, regional, provincial and federal governments;

• promotional calendars, posters that are distributed to consumers free of charge;

• unsolicited promotional information, coupons, handbills and flyers; and

• transportation and transit schedules

Printed Paper does not include bound reference books, bound literary books, or bound textbooks.

Please refer to the Stewardship Ontario Program Plan or the Rules for more information on designated materials for the Stewardship Ontario program.